Textuality in EAP Research Articles: A Genre Analysis

Document Type: Research Article


University of Ilam


One of the main concerns of scholars working in the field of EAP over the last 2
decades has been raising the awareness of EAP students and publishers of genre
conventions in academic journals. In line with the above concern, many studies have
aimed at exploring the general characteristics of research articles (RAs) in the field.
Among these features, it seems that the generic moves and textuality have drawn the
attention of researchers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to
compare and contrast the Iranian local ESP journals with their international
counterparts in terms of the given features by drawing upon existing research, and
(2) to develop a more inclusive model for the analysis of moves and lexical cohesion
patterns (LCPs) in the Discussion sections of ESP RAs. Results showed that the
Discussion sections in the international ESP RAs tended to have a more cyclical
evaluative move mechanism compared with their Iranian local counterparts.
Findings also revealed that the organizational patterning and use of the LCPs in
consolidating the Results sections of the RAs have a dual intrinsic relationship.
Translation of such findings provides a better chance for nonnative EAP writers to
publish in international journals.


Amirian, Z., Kassaian, Z., & Tavakoli, M. (2008).  Genre analysis: An investigation of the discussion sections of applied linguistics RAs. The Asian ESP Journal, 4(1), 39-63.

Berzlánovich, I., Egg, M., & Redeker, G. (2008). Coherence structure and lexical cohesion in expository and persuasive texts. In A. Benz, P. Kühnlein, & M. Stede (Eds.), Proceedings of the workshop constraints in discourse III (pp. 19-26). Potsdam: Germany.

Bhatia, V. K. (2002). Applied genre analysis: A multiperspective model. IBÉRICA, 4, 3-19.

Bonn, S., & Swales, J. M. (2007).  English and French journal abstracts in the language sciences: Three exploratory studies. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 6, 93-108.

Britton, K. B. (1994). Understanding expository text: Building mental structures to induce insights. In M. A. Gernsbacher (Ed.), Handbook of psycholinguistics (pp. 641-674). San Diego: Academic Press.

Buitkiené, J. (2005). Variability of cohesive devices across registers. Studies About Languages (Kalb-Studijos), 7, 17-20.

Burrough-Boenisch, J. (2003). Examining present tense conventions in scientific writing in the light of reader reactions to three Dutch-authored discussions. English for Specific Purposes, 22(1), 5-24.

Bublitz, W. (1996). I've bought a freezer—You’ve bought a freezer—they’ve bought a freezer: Repetition as a text-building device. In C. Bazzanella (Ed.), Repetition in dialogue (pp. 16-28) ‎. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Fallahi, M. M., & Erzi, M. (2003). Genre analysis in language teaching: An investigation of the structure of the Discussion section of language-teaching-journal articles. IJAL, 6(1), 69-81.

Fallahi Moghimi, M., & Mobasher, F. (2007). Genre analysis of introduction section of English and Persian articles in Mechanics. TELL, 1(2), 59-73.

Flowerdew, J., & Wan, A. (2009). The linguistic and the contextual in applied genre analysis: The case of the company audit report. English for Specific Purposes, 29, 78-93.

Fox, B.A. (1987). Discourse structure and anaphora: Written and conversational English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Habibi, P. (2008). Genre analysis of research article introductions across ESP, Psycholinguistics, and    Sociolinguistics. IJAL, 11(2), 87-111.

Hirano, E. (2009). Research article introductions in English for specific purposes: A comparison between Brazilian Portuguese and English. English for Specific Purposes, 28, 240-250.

Hoey, M. (1991). Patterns of lexis in text. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Holmes, R. (1997). Genre analysis, and the social sciences: An investigation of the structure of research article discussion sections in three disciplines. English for Specific Purposes, 16(4), 321-337.

Hopkins, A., & Dudley-Evans, A. (1988). A genre-based investigation of the discussion sections in articles and dissertations. English for Specific Purposes, 7, 113-122.

Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. Harlow: Longman.

Jalilifar, A. R., Hayati, A. M., & Namdari, N. (2012). ‎ A comparative study of research article discussion sections of local and international applied linguistics journals. Journal of Asia TEFL, 9(1), 1-29.

Johnstone, B. (1987). Perspectives on repetition. Text, 7(3), 205-214.

Kanoksilapatham, B. (2007). Rhetorical moves in biochemistry research articles. In D. Biber, U. Connor, & T. A. Upton (Eds.). Discourse on the move: Using corpus analysis to describe discourse structure (pp. 73-119). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Kanoksilapatham, B. (2005). Rhetorical structure of biochemistry research articles. English for Specific Purposes, 24, 269-292.

Keshavarz, M. H, Atai, M. A., & Barzegar, V. (2007). A contrastive study of generic of RA introductions organization written by Iranian and non-Iranian writers in applied linguistics. TELL, 1(2), 14-33.

Klebanov, B. B., & Eli Shamir, E. (2007). Reader-based exploration of lexical cohesion. Lang Resources & Evaluation, 41, 27-44.

Kwan, B. (2006). The schematic structure of literature reviews in doctoral theses of applied linguistics. English for Specific Purposes, 25, 30-55.

Lee, D., & Swales, J. (2006). A corpus-based EAP course for NNS doctoral students: Moving from available specialized corpora to self-compiled corpora. English for Specific Purposes, 25, 56-75.

Nwogu, K. N. (1991). Structure of science popularizations: A genre-based analysis approach to the schema of popularized medical texts. English for Specific Purposes, 10, 111-123.

Nwogu, K. N. (1997). The medical research paper: Structure and function. English for Specific Purposes, 16(2), 119-138.

Salahshoor, F. (1999). Genre-based approaches to EFL academic literacy: The case of Iran. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Essex, United Kingdom.

Samraj, B. (2002). Introductions in research articles: Variations across disciplines. English for Specific Purposes, 21(1), 1-17.

Samraj, B. (2008). A discourse analysis of master’s theses across disciplines with a focus on introductions. English for Academic Purposes, 7, 55-67.

Suhardja, I. (2006). Scientific news as a genre: A linguistic account of distortion of scientific information. Retrieved January 20, 2016 from the World Wide Web: www.ling.ed.ac.uk/~pgc /archive /2006/ programme.html

Swales, J. M. (1990). Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Swales, J. M. (2004) Research genres: Explorations and applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tahririan, M. H., & Jalilifar, A. R. (2004). Generic analysis of theses and dissertation abstracts: Variation across cultures. IJAL, 7(2), 121-143.

Teich, E., & Fankhauser, P. (2005).Exploring lexical patterns in text: Lexical cohesion analysis with word net. Interdisciplinary Studies on Information Structure, 2, 129-145.

Widdowson, H. G. (1979). Explorations in applied linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Yang, R., & Allison, D. (2003). Research articles in applied linguistics: Moving from results to conclusions. English for Specific Purposes, 22, 365-385.