Document Type: Research Article
Kazan Federal University
Russian Islamic University, Kazan, Gazovayast, Russia, Tatarstan Republic, Kremlyvskaya
Socially significant life situations and certain patterns of human behavior reflect the national hierarchy of values. Understanding the phenomenon of culture as a specific form of existence of man and society in the world through the prism of proverbs becomes particularly relevant. The purpose of the article is to define the concept of a "proverb" in Arabic linguistics and the criteria for their classification, to identify the national-specific meaning of Arabic proverbs in the context of the relationship of language and culture. The article provides definitions of proverbs on the basis of the opinions of authoritative philologists, presents the classification of Arabic proverbs. The features of the worldview of the Arabs, manifested in them, are examined too. The materials of the article can be useful in teaching modern Arabic, linguoculturology, cross-cultural communication and also special courses on language and culture. The applied value of the article is determined also by a possibility to use practical material while writing textbooks, manuals and Arabic dictionaries.