Document Type: Research Article
Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia
Institute of History named Sh. Mardzhani AN RT, Kazan, Russia
In the modern world, the appeal of researchers to the study of the genesis of national cultures is one of the conditions for solving the problem of preserving monuments of spiritual and material culture. In the article, for the first time, an attempt was made to identify and substantiate the handwriting styles of the Arabic script, which were developed in the traditional culture of the Kazan Tatars. The penetration of Arabic graphics into the territory of the Middle Volga region was carried out from the middle of the 8th century thanks to diplomatic and trade relations: Kufic dirhams and ceramics and toreutics with epigraphic ornamentation entered the caravan route to the territory of the Bulgarian state. In the article can be traced the process of learning a stranger and developing his own culture of calligraphy in connection with Islamic art, developed on the territory of Transcaucasia, the Black Sea region, Khorezm, Iran, Asia Minor, the Middle East.