Document Type: Research Article
Kazan Federal University
Jilin University of Finance and Economics
The article is devoted to the urgent problem for grammatical stylistics - the study of the aesthetic resources of the morphological categories of the gender and number of nouns. The aim of the work is a comparative analysis of the aesthetics of the categories of gender and the number of Russian substances in the aspect of the reflection of the comic. The following methods were used as the main ones in this scientific work: descriptive-analytical, semantic-stylistic, distributive and the method of component analysis. The material for the study was the texts of literary works included in the "national corpus of the Russian language". In the process of research, an analysis was made of nouns used in a literary text with the aim of creating a funny one. It has been established that the aesthetic resources of categories of the gender and number of nouns, considered in the indicated aspect, are realized thanks to the following methods: convergence of words (word forms) that have sound similarities, the use of synonyms, polysemants, grammatical means representing a deviation from the norm, playing out the semantics of the analyzed categories, varieties of language units. The most significant number of methods is associated with updating the aesthetic potential of the grammatical gender. However, aesthetic resources of the gender category are not realized when polysemants are used. In relation to another category - the number of nouns - examples of the use of synonymy were not found, not all varieties of grammatical deviation were presented, as well as one of the cases of playing homophony. A generalization of the results of a comparative analysis of the aesthetic potential of the gender and the number of substances indicates the wider possibilities of the grammatical the gender in reflecting comic phenomena.