The Genre of Gazelle in Russian and Tatar Poetry of the XX Century: Comparative Aspect

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

2 M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

10.22055/rals.2019.15190

Abstract

The article is devoted to the consideration of the gazelle as a canonical solid form, its features and functioning in Russian and Tatar literature of the XXth century. The focus of the research is on the gazelles of Russian poets of the 20th century (M. Kuzmin, E. Bagritsky) and the Tatar poet Radif Gatash, whose works are the example of love lyrics. The authors of the article argue that in Russian literature the gazelle genre did not become the part of the poetic tradition, while in Tatar poetry it took its rightful place. So, the modern poet Radif Gatash was able to accommodate new techniques in the traditional genre, to reveal the problems faced by modern society. The language of his works is metaphorical, different layers of vocabulary are skillfully combined in them: a sublime pompous style coexists with a “simple” word. The Tatar gazelle as a whole deepens the content of the traditional form, with poetic methods typical for it: the language metaphorization, an appeal to the motive of love madness, and the preservation of tachallus. The conclusion is made that the gazelle in a dialogue of different cultures and languages ​​is changing, enriched with "new" meanings. The dialogue is based on those universal values ​​and performances of the gazelle that, in different versions, exist in the space of national literature.

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