A Comprehensive Look at Korean Language Functions and Discourse Competence in the Works by Nikolai Spafariia and Lorenz Lang

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

Kazan Federal University

10.22055/rals.2019.15379

Abstract

Jakobson's model of the functions of language distinguishes six elements, or factors of communication, that are necessary for communication to occur: (1) context, (2) addresser (sender), (3) addressee (receiver), (4) contact, (5) common code and (6) message. To fulfill, this study tried to have a comprehensive look at Korean language functions and discourse competence in the works of Nikolai Spafariia and Lorenz Lang. Studying Korea in Russia has a long and meaningful history, which began in the XVII century and continued to develop intensively already from the end of the XIX century. The first complete and realistic description of the Korean state was given by the Russian traveler and ambassador to China - Nikolai Spafariia. The data collected by N. Spafariia and the works provided to Russian society, in particular, the chapters providing sufficiently complete information about a hitherto little-known country - Korea, were the first works that told about the history, economy, and culture of this country. As well as N. Spafaria, L. Lang made a great contribution to collecting information about the Korean state, in particular about trade.  Until the end of the XVIII century, detailed information about Korean trade collected by L. Lang was a reliable source both for Russian and for Western European researchers.

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