An Investigation of Gender Differences in Reading Development among Russian Students: Challenges and Perspectives

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Kazan Federal University

2 Bologna University

10.22055/rals.2019.15383

Abstract

The role of gender in early reading development in Russian students was investigated. The longitudinal study was conducted from the middle of preparatory pre-school year to the middle of first grade. The rate and accuracy of reading words and pseudo-words of different length and degree of difficulty were measured in five successive measures. Gender is a term used to describe socially constructed roles for women and men. It is an acquired identity that is learned, changes over time, and varies widely within and across cultures. In contrast, the term sex is used to indicate the biological differences between men and women. The role of gender in community of the Russian federation development was not adequately investigated. It is clear that all this determines the specific course of socio-political processes among the Muslim Ummah, forms peculiar trends in their development. Questions related to the study of demographic predictors of political processes, as applied to the Muslim community of Russia, only partially became the subject of research in a number of works of Russian scientists. Foreign literature has addressed some aspects of this topic only occasionally in studies. The study was carried out on the basis of the analysis of statistical data of Russian organizations, a secondary analysis of materials from published Russian and foreign publications. In the course of the work, ideas were formed about the nature of the main demographic trends in the Muslim community of Russia, including in the regional context. The study of the data obtained made it possible to determine the nature of the impact of demographic processes in the Muslim environment on the socio-political sphere of Russian society. The results obtained are consistent with the conclusions of a number of researchers and expand the existing understanding of the nature of demographic processes among Muslims and the specifics of their influence in Russian society.

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