A Comparative Analysis of Institutional Identities in a Corpus of English and Persian News Interviews

Document Type : Research Article


English Department, Faculty of Persian Literature and Foreign Languages, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran


Institutional identity as a concept in CDA is a field of study that deals with the identities that individuals in institutions obtain, one that merits deep research attention. News interviews as institutional instances can be analyzed based on the impersonal structures because interviewees see themselves as part of the institution and they may not take responsibility when they encounter problematic topics. In this study, Benwell and Stokoe’s (2006) concepts of institutional identities and impersonal structures (i.e., existential processes, nominalizations, passivizations, and relational processes) and Halliday’s (2004) transitivity system were used. Results indicated that relational processes and nominalizations have the highest and the lowest frequencies in English news interviews and in Persian news interviews; relational processes and existential processes have the highest and lowest frequencies, respectively.


Arrese, M., & Caro, M. (n.d.). A corpus study of impersonalization strategies in newspaper discourse in English and Spanish. Retrieved April 4, 2016, from the World Wide Web:  http://ucrel.Lancs.ac.uk/publications/CL2003/CL2001 conference/papers/marin.pdf
Benwell, B., & Stokoe, E. (2006). Discourse and identity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Bloomaert, J. (2005). Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clayman, S., & Heritage, J. (2004). The news interview journalists and public figures. Cambridge: CUP.
Critical reading. Retrieved November 22, 2015, from the World Wide Web: http:// writing.utoronto.ca
Fairclough, N. (1989). Language and power. London: Longman.
Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language. London: Longman.
Fuller, J. M., & Wardhaugh, R. (2015). An introduction to sociolinguistics (7th ed.). London: Rutledge.
Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C.M. (1999). Construing experience through meaning: A language-based approach to cognition. London: Continuum.
Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C.M. (2004). An introduction to functional grammar (3rd ed.). London: Hodder Education.
Heritage, J., & Greatbatch, D. (1989). Discourse in professional and everyday culture on communication. Interdisciplinary seminar: Selected papers. University of Linkoping.
Hornby, A. S. (1999). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary of current English. London: Oxford Uiversity Press.
Martin, J.R. (1992). English text: System and structure. London: John Benjamins Publications.
Matthiessen, C. M., Teruya, K., & Lam, M. (2010). Key terms in systemic functional linguistics. London. Continuum International Publishing Group.
Mayr, A. (2008). Language and power: An introduction to institutional discourse. London: Continuum.
Meyer, M., & Wodak, R. (2001). Methods of critical discourse analysis. London: Sage Publications.
Meyer, M. (2006). Introducing sociolinguistics. London: Routledge.
Passivization. Retrieved October 13, 2015, from the World Wide Web:  http://Grammar.about.com
Semantics definition. Retrieved April 27, 2016, from the World Wide Web: http://aboutisfla.com
Simon-Vandenbergen, A. M., Taverniers, M., & Ravelli, L.J. (2003). Grammatical metaphor: Views from systemic functional linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins Publishing.
Taverniers, M. (2004). Grammatical metaphor in English. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from the World Wide Web: http://users.ugent.be
Thompson, G. (2013). Introducing functional grammar. London and New York: Routledge.
To, V., Le, T., & Le, Q. (2013). A comparative study of nominalization in IELTS writing test papers. International Journal of Innovative Interdisciplinary Research. Retrieved March 20, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://www.adamin.com
van Dijk, T. A. (1988). News as discourse. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
van Dijk, T.A. (1998). Ideology: A multidisciplinary approach. London: Sage Publications.
صدری افشار، غ. (1381). فرهنگ معاصر فارسی. تهران:انتشارات فرهنگ معاصر.