Document Type : Research Article
Kazan Federal University, Institute of International Relations
Kazan State Power Engineering University, Department of foreign languages
This article is dedicated to the linguistic perceptual space. Of great interest in cognitive science is the relationship between linguistic and perceptual ideas about space. There are different approaches, some of them explore aspects of linguistic coding of space, which are closely related to the functioning of the visual system, and some of them are aimed at exploring the differences between linguistic and visual representations of space. Linguistic studies show that the presence of two main types of demonstrative points, near and far, characteristic of most languages, is evidence that language differences are derived from sensory ones. However, they are independent of each other. It is noted that the main characteristic of linguistic perceptual space is its deictism. At the present stage of development of linguistics, the following types of deixis are distinguished: primary, secondary, textual, social and cognitive. The authors come to the conclusion that the perceptual space is identical with the concept of the deictic field, which is defined by three parameters — temporal, spatial, and personal.