Document Type : Research Article
Kazan Federal University
Shaanxi Normal University
The article deals with the problem of aesthetics of the category of Russian substances, which is relevant for modern linguistics. The author's position on this issue is presented. The main attention is paid to the imagery of the literary text, which is achieved through the implementation of the aesthetic possibilities of the grammatical gender. The close connection of the problem of imagery with the development of the question of the semantic organization of the category of gender is noted. Given its own interpretation of the semantics of the grammatical gender of nouns. The results of the analysis of the imagery of the text are presented taking into account a number of stylistic techniques, which include masculine and feminine nouns. The material for study was the works of art included in the “National Corps of the Russian Language” (http://ruscorpora.ru/search-poetic.html). In the course of the study, the means of context were identified that contribute to the actualization of the inanimate substances of the quasidenotative component of the gender value. The indicated means include: a) nouns containing in their grammatical meaning the gender of the denotative component; b) words characterizing the appearance of a male or female person; c) personal names; d) verbs indicating a certain aspect of the relationship between males and females; e) designation of tools; f) the names of animals, differentially designating a sign of sex; g) elements of the metalanguage of linguistics. The research materials confirm the following thesis: when studying the figurative use of linguistic units on the material of languages with developed morphological structures, it is important to take into account not only the objective properties of objects, phenomena reflected in the text, semantics and stylistic features of lexemes, but also the originality of the morphological categories of language systems.