Structural-Semantic and Functional-Stylistic Characteristics of Vasily Aksenov’s New Coined Words in the 90’s (On the Material of the Collection of Stories «Negative of Positive Hero»)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

2 Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.



In this scientific article, we study the individual author’s neoplasms, extracted from the texts of the collection of short stories “The Positive Hero Negative”, written by V. Aksenov in the 90s. of the 20th century. The methods that the author uses to create these neoplasms are established, a semantic characteristic of the named units is given, the functions that they perform are analyzed. In the course of the analysis, it is concluded that the writer constantly uses systemic and non-systemic methods of creating occasionalisms. The former includes prefixation, suffixation, fixation, and addition, while the latter include substitutional derivation and creation. Systemic methods are characterized by the presence of word-formation chains of occasionalisms, as well as a deviation from the language standard. Non-systemic methods are characterized by irregularity and singularity. The functional and stylistic characteristic testifies to the fulfillment of occasionalisms of nominative, interlinguistic, ideological, playful and emotionally expressive functions. The author emphasizes the constitutive nature of the last two for the creativity of V. Aksenov. In general, the study claims that the predominantly casual nature of the derivative structure of neoplasms, as well as the playful, emotionally expressive, and ideological connotation of these units are explained by the view of V. Aksenov, an adult of the sixties in the 90s. in Russia, the fundamental changes in which he, after many years of emigration, can observe with his own eyes.