A Corpus-Based Study on Comparing Discourse Markers by Francis Younghusband and Nicholas Roerich to Tibet

Document Type : Research Article


Kazan Federal University



A discourse marker is a word or a phrase that plays a role in managing the flow and structure of discourse. Since their main function is at the level of discourse (sequences of utterances) rather than at the level of utterances or sentences, discourse markers are relatively syntax-independent and usually do not change the truth conditional meaning of the sentence. Regarding this point, the surrent study aimed to do a corpus-based study to compare the discourse markers byFrancis Younghusband and Nicholas Roerichto Tibet. A study of the British expedition to Tibet by the famous orientalist Colonel F. Younghusband allows us to better understand the place that Tibet occupied in the international politics of various states, in particular, Russia and Great Britain, and the role that the investigator played in this. F. Younghusband left a noticeable mark in the history of the so-called “Big Game”. In addition to the political result, it is difficult to underestimate the important travel notes of F. Younghusband, numerous monographs describing not only the political process of the task assigned to him but also the region of Asia as a whole, nature and people. N. Roerich with his sons, one of whom was an orientalist and another was an artist, implemented many cultural projects, however, in historiography, there are opinions about the political nature of his mission. A number of implications of the results are discussed and relevant recommendations are presented.