Document Type : Research Article
Institute of Philology and intercultural communication, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
Tatar Literature Department, IPIC, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
Department of Tatar literature of the Institute of Philology and intercultural communication, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
Department of Theory and Practice of Foreign Language Teaching, Institute of Philology and Intercultural Communication, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
In the light of the ongoing interest in the events of the Great Patriotic War, and everything connected with it, wartime prose is seen as an incredibly important layer for literary research. The article discusses the characteristic features of the works of the war years in the aspect of new trends in literary criticism. The paper proposes a new concept of analysis of fiction. The tragic events of the Great Patriotic War, its colossal impact on the public worldview alter the somewhat dogmatic nature of the socialist-realist method, introducing new themes, problems, conflicts, oppositions (of war / peaceful life, the enemy/defender of the Motherland, foreign land/ native land, life/death) into the semantic and visual-verbal structure of works of fiction. Simultaneously, with the development of various artistic techniques, socialist realism is experiencing, especially in wartime, a rapid division on the vertical scale of literary values. Gradually, such an internal element of the work as the local-temporal characteristics – the chronotope – comes to the forefront, the system-forming plan.