Ethno-Cultural Vocabulary in Bilingual Dictionaries by I. I. Giganov (In Comparison with Turkic Languages of South Siberia)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Kazan Federal University

2 Department of General Linguistics and Turkology, Institute of Philology and Intercultural Communication, Kazan Federal University


The lexicographic works by I. I. Giganov brought us the lexical richness of the Siberian Tatar language of the 19th century. The article is devoted to the study of the most important layer of the language vocabulary - ethnocultural vocabulary, recorded in the bilingual dictionaries by I.I. Giganov. In this study, the ethnocultural vocabulary of the Siberian Tatars is considered on the basis of thematic groups, namely: the vocabulary of clothing and jewellery; the vocabulary of food and traditional dishes; the vocabulary related to kitchen utensils. The study used descriptive and comparative methods and partly etymological analysis techniques. Studying the bilingual dictionaries by I. I. Giganov, we came to the conclusion that the compiler sought to preserve the features of vocabulary-language signs and their grammatical design, taking into account the existing sign-evaluative and specific-verbal expressions, the unique features of the figurative language system of his time, observing these lexical-grammatical canons and obeying the laws of science of language.