University of Bayreuth, Germany
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Politeness and impoliteness (hereafter (im)politeness) phenomena constitute an important social practice in our everyday and professional interactions. Being once an issue in the code of conduct protocols, (im)politeness nowadays marks an interdisciplinary scientific field. The scientific explanation of politeness started in Pragmatics (an interdisciplinary study of language in communication) since Grice (1975) and Leech (1983), but the publication of Brown and Levinson´s Politeness theory in a paper (1978) that was expanded to a book (1987) marks a significant breakthrough in politeness research, which was very consequential to the development of its mother discipline, Pragmatics. Since then, (im)politeness has attracted the attention of scholars in Pragmatics, Communication, and Social Psychology (among other disciplines) for more than three decades.